Achilles Tendonitis is characterised by pain and swelling behind the heel, ankle or lower leg caused by inflammation of the tendon. It occurs most frequently after a sudden increase in your level of activity without adequate training or conditioning. Changing footwear, occupation, work or playing surfaces can also lead to inflammation and pain through the Achilles area.
- Tight gastrocnemius and/or soleus muscles (calves)
- Overuse of the calf muscles
Treatment for Achilles Tendonitis
- RICE – rest, ice, compression & elevation
- Activity modification or reduction
- Soft tissue massage & stretching exercise
- If biomechanics is a contributory cause – orthotics may be considered
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (Nurofen etc)
What can you do?
- Reduce or modify current activities
- Gradually resume normal activity as symptoms resolve
- Ice after training/ activity 15 minutes on, 2 hours off, 15 minutes on
- Footwear assessment – you may be wearing the wrong shoes
- Stretch your lower leg muscles – but not to the point that it causes pain