A painful and dangerous condition caused by pressure build-up from internal bleeding or swelling of tissues. The pressure decreases blood flow, depriving muscles and nerves of required nourishment.

  • Severe pain.
  • Sensation of pins and needles.
  • Weakness of the affected area. 
  • Visible swelling of the area.
  • Redness in the area (depending on the cause).
Common Causes 
  • Recent changes to; activity level or training duration.
  • Tight Gastrocnemius and Soleus muscles (calves).
  • Biomechanical factors (Flat feet or high arched feet).
  • Motor vehicle accidents or traumatic injury to the leg.
Treatment for Compartment Syndrome
  • Physiotherapy.
  • Activity modification or reduction.
  • Soft tissue massage & stretching exercise.
  • If biomechanics is a contributory cause – orthotics may be considered.
  • Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs  (Nurofen etc).
  • For severe cases of compartment syndrome, emergency surgery is required.
What can you do?
  • Reduce or modify current activities.
  • Gradually resume normal activity as symptoms resolve.
  • Deep tissue massage.
  • Footwear assessment – it may be time for a new pair.
  • Stretch your lower leg muscles – but not to the point that it causes pain.
  • See a healthcare professional for advice.
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